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Gingival abscess symptoms and when to receive treatment

Woodbridge Dentist Discusses Gingival Abscess Symptoms

Gingivae, commonly known as the gums, are soft tissue linings that seal around the teeth. Healthy gums can resist friction from food or other sources of abrasion making it an effective barrier from bacteria. The intrusion of bacteria may lead to an infection that forms a pus-filled sac. This occurrence is called gingival abscess.


Common occurrences of gingival abscess involve the rapid development of a soft sac filled with pus forming at the lining of your gums. However, there are some cases wherein the formation of the abscess will go unnoticed until it has become severe. To avoid this, these are the symptoms that you can monitor for possible abscess formation:

  • A sensation similar to having loose teeth
  • Tenderness or swelling in the gum line
  • Unusual sensitivity towards heat or cold food or drinks
  • Foul-tasting pus

For severe developments, additional symptoms include:

  • Severe toothache
  • Headache
  • Chills
  • Fever
  • Nausea
  • Diarrhea
  • Difficulty in opening the mouth

Difficulty in swallowing Treatment Considerations While everyday occurrences rarely require urgent attention, and maintaining good dental hygiene can also relieve you from minor irritations that may be associated with it as well. However, untreated or undiagnosed gingival abscess may lead to permanent tooth loss if not treated properly. Proper awareness can help you identify if you are experiencing symptoms of gum abscess. Based on the list above, if you are experiencing two or more of these symptoms, it is best to consult with your dentist as soon as possible. The same rules apply as to when you are experiencing severe pain or discomfort in your gums or teeth since there is the possibility of abscess formation.

All symptoms of severe gingival abscess require immediate dental attention. A formal diagnosis will help identify which treatment is needed to relieve you of the pain and discomfort. It will also help you avoid severe pain if this is a symptom that has not yet manifested. Treatment usually requires the draining of the abscess and thorough cleaning of the tooth to prevent another formation. If the case is not severe, medication can be used to treat the abscess.

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